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The teaching of English encompasses the teaching of speaking, listening, reading and writing skills and the use of drama. These skills are used in all areas of the curriculum.


Speaking and Listening

Children take part in a variety of situations and activities in which they will be taught how to discuss, perform, ask questions, tell stories, learn and recite poetry, share and present their ideas, and to be active listeners.  Our English Learning journeys ensure that there are well planned opportunities to develop speaking and listening. Regular Class Discussion Times provide children with opportunities to debate and discuss current affairs, and matters on importance to them. 



From Year R to 1 we use a structured synthetic phonics programme with reading books used so that children can practice the phonics they have been taught.  Alongside this children are also taught sight words.  They practice these skills in books linked to their phonics phase. 


Across the school, children are taught reading daily either as part of their phonics programme, as part of guided reading or as they progress through whole class taught reading sessions.  Children requiring additional support are provided with structured catch-up support.


Children will experience a wide range of authors and text types during their time at Scantabout and will regularly hear books being read to them, in addition to reading for their own pleasure. We aim to foster a love of language and literature and an active use of our school library and class libraries is encouraged. The children bring books home to share and a Home School Reading Diary is used to develop dialogue about their progress, and for children to reflect on their reading.


The school’s main reading scheme is Project X and Essential letters and sounds. By Year 2 children are usually fluent and confident readers, the children progress onto broader range of high-quality books initially these are graded by coloured Book Bands, progressing onto a range of free-reading books which are closely monitored by the class-teacher. 


Poetry is taught across the school.   In EYFS and KS1 this is through reading and singing sessions.  In KS2 through structured units of work.



Children will be given opportunities to write for a variety of purposes and wherever possible real audiences using a range of writing forms such as: explanations, instructions, balanced arguments, stories and poems. They will learn to plan, draft, revise, edit and present their work, before evaluating the success of their writing. Feedback from the intended audience will be part of this process wherever possible.


Selecting grammar and punctuation to match writing purposes will be taught, with children developing their understanding or technical terms to be able to discuss and justify choices. Children will steadily build on their understanding of spelling patterns and rules across the school outlined in the National Curriculum.

Cursive script handwriting is taught across the school.



Drama forms part of the English and wider curriculum and aims to encourage self-confidence, imagination and empathy. It is used to stimulate, explore and challenge ideas. This provides opportunities for children to develop confidence in reading aloud to a range of audiences. 


Find out more about our English Curriculum by reading our Intent, Implementation and Impact Statement